This nocturnal raptor can be found at different altitudes, from sea level to low mountain ranges, and in all types of rocky habitat. It is the largest owl in Europe, with a wingspan of 160 to 180 cm, and is sedentary, nesting in rocks and feeding on hedgehogs, rodents, rabbits, crows, partridges …

Conservation objectives

In France, this species nests mainly in the south-eastern part of the country. Once persecuted and in sharp decline, its populationhas been expanding since the 1970s.

Reproduction periode

January to July


> Declining food supply due to gradual loss of open habitats

> Disturbance of nesting sites (limestone cliffs)

> Power lines (electrocution and collision)