The Ortolan Bunting occupies various open habitats with perches: steppes, diversified traditional cultivated land (vineyards, meadows …), dry grassland, scrubland (“garrigue”). Small in size, it has a wingspan of 17 cm. This migratory passerine arrives in France (mainly in the south-east of the country) in late April/early May. Migration to Africa starts at the end of August. It feeds on seeds, insects, earthworms, spiders …
Its sharp decline in France and throughout Europe began in the 1960s. In the PACA region it occurs in small and variable numbers in the different departments.
May to July
> Declining food supply due to gradual loss of open habitats
> Destruction of natural habitat due to urban development)
> Use of pesticides (poisoning of food)
> Disturbance or even destruction of nests (close to the ground) by walkers, cyclists, vehicles, dogs off the leash…