Scrubland (“garrigue”) is the most widespread habitat in the Mediterranean region, occupying a large share of its surface area. It is a degraded form of vegetation growing in limestone soil and resulting from the destruction of the Mediterranean forest. It is dominated by bushes and scrub.
The “garrigue” is characterized by its high biodiversity, harbouring species adapted to drought and wind: orchids, insects, reptiles and birds. To preserve this rich ecosystem it is necessary to limit visitors’ imprint by providing marked trails and paths, as well as to control forest encroachment
Symbol of the Mediterranean region, the “garrigue” is currently endangered, as it is becoming increasingly forested due to both urban development and the decline of grazing activity over recent decades.