This small passerine breeds in warm, dry, open habitats from the coast to the mountains: dry grassland, ridges, steppes, gravel pits and other areas with bare ground and low vegetation. Small in size, it has a wingspan of 25 to 28 cm. It migrates, spending the winter in Africa, and feeds on various insects, small spiders, worms and small seeds.

Conservation objectives

This species breeds regularly in the PACA region, in variable numbers and densities.  In Europe, however, its numbers are declining.

Reproduction periode

April to July


> Declining food supply due to gradual loss of open habitats

> Destruction of natural habitat due to urban development

> Use of pesticides (poisoning of food)

> Disturbance or even destruction of nests (on the ground) by walkers, cyclists, vehicles, dogs off the leash…